CCC keyboard Shortcuts Abbreviations and Terminological Study

CCC keyboard Shortcuts Abbreviations and Terminological Study

Keyboard

Detail knowledge about keyboard button and the function of each key is a must for a student for examination, practical and day to day work. Without knowing keyboard functions, it is nearly impossible for a user to complete his/her work smoothly and effectively.

keyboard Shortcuts
keyboard Shortcuts

Here, keyboard buttons and their functions are discussed-

F1-F12 : Functions key : These keys act according to operating system. Mainly we use these keys for printing, Saving, repeat last  action etc.

Tab

Tab key

Tab key is used the cursor forward/ set point.

Shift

Shift key

Used for upper case of alphabet.

Caps Lock

Caps Lock

It also used for upper case of alphabet.

Alt

Alt (AlterNet) key

Is is located both side of spacebar. It used with another key as discussed in key board shortcuts.

Backspace

Backspace key

Used to delete and alphabet/character before the current position

Delete

Delete key

It is used to delete the alphabet/character after the current position.

Enter

Enter key

This key is used as return key. It is used for next line. Several other uses are discussed in next heading (key board shortcuts).

Prt Scrn

Print Screen key

Used to print screen image.

Scroll Lock

Scroll Lock key

It used to stop the scrolling of the text temporally.

Pause

Pause key

It used to stop the action of the program being run temporarily .We can able to work after pressing pause than again.

Insert

Insert key

This key allows text to be inserted.

End

End

Used to return End of the line.

Home

Home key

Used to return to the beginning of the page

Page Up

Page up key

Used to move up of the page.

Page down

Page down key

Used to move down of the page.

Num lock

Num lock key

It is used to use the numbers on the keypad after num lock off enable the keys other functions such as using the keypad as an arrow pad etc.

Esc

Esc key

It is used to cancel action in the progress.

Space bar

Space bar key

Located in the middle of the alt key and used for blank space.

Note: it is advisable to practice above Shortcuts keys.

Keyboard and Mouse Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are very important shortcuts keys are used in MS Word, MS Excel and MS PowerPoint. Some important Shortcuts keys and their descriptions are given below. It is advisable that these keys should be practiced.

Microsoft word shortcuts keys and description

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

CTRL + A

Select all the content of the MS word of document Page.

CTRL + T

 It create a hanging indent of the line or text

CTRL + B

Bold the highlighted selections.

CTRL + U

Underlining the highlighted text.

CTRL + C

Copy selected text.

CTRL + V

Paste the selected text/word/line coped earlier.

CTRL + E

 

Aligns the line/selected text to the center.

CTRL + X

Cut selected text.

CTRL + F

Open find box

CTRL +Y

You can redo the last action performed

CTRL + G

Go to

CTRL +S

Save

CTRL + H

Replace

CTRL +Z

You can undo the last action

CTRL + I

Italic highlighted selection

CTRL +1

Single space line of the text

CTRL + J

Aligns the line/selected text for justifying

CTRL +2

Double space lines spacing of the text.

CTRL + L

Insert the hyperlink

CTRL +5

One and half line spacing of the text.

CTRL + L

Aligns the line/selected text to left of the screen

CTRL + Shift +L

Quickly create a bullet point.

CTRL + M

Indent the paragraphs

CTRL + Shift +F

Quickly change the font.

CTRL + N

Blank new document

CTRL + Shift +  >

To increase the font size of the selected text or line

CTRL + O

Open window

CTRL + Shift + <

Increase selected font +1 pts up to 12pt and then increase font +2pts

CTRL + P

It is used for print. It opens the print dialog box.

CTRL + Shift +L

Quickly create a bullet point

CTRL + R

Aligns the line/ selected text to right of the screen

CTRL + Shift +F

Change the font

CTRL + T

It creates a hanging indent of the line or text.

CTRL + Shift +D

Used to insert current date.

CTRL + [

Decrease selected font

CTRL + Shift +T

Used to insert current time

CTRL + ]

Increase selected font

ESC

To cancel the current task

CTRL + Home

Move the cursor to the beginning of the document.

F1

Used for help

CTRL + Delete

To delete the word to the right of the cursor

F4

It is used to repeat the last action

CTRL + Home

To move the cursor to the beginning of the document

F5

To open the find, replace and go to

CTRL + End

To move the cursor to the end of the document

F7

It is used for spell and grammar check of selected text.

CTRL + Shift*

Used to show non-printing characters

F12

To open SAVE AS dialog box.

   

CTRL + Shift +F12

Print the document

Microsoft excel shortcuts keys and description

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

=

Start of formula

Shift + Tab

Complete a cell entry and move to the left in the selection

CTRL + D

Fill down

Tab

Complete a cell entry and move to the right in the selection

CTRL + R

Fill to the right

Shift + enter

Complete a cell entry and move up in the selection

F2

Edit the active cell

Enter

Complete a cell entry and move down in the selection

Backspace

 

Edit the active cell and then clear it, or delete the preceding character in the active cell

CTRL +enter

Fill the selected cell range with the current entry

F3

Paste a name into a formula

Shift + home

Selected from the insert point to the beginning of the entry

CTRL + D

Fill down

Shift + F2

Edit a cell comment

CTRL + R

Fill to the right

CTRL + A

Display the formula palette after you type a valid function name in a formula.

F2

Used for edit the active cell

Shift +F9

Calculate the active worksheet

F3

Paste a name into  a formula

CTRL + B

Apply or remove bold formatting.

F9

Calculate all sheets in all open workbooks.

CTRL + I

Apply or remove italic formatting.

CTRL + F3

Define a name

CTRL + W

Close the active workbook window

CTRL + F5

Restore the active workbook window

Alt + Enter

Start a new him in the Same cell.

CTRL + F6

Switch to the next workbook window

F4

 Repeat the last action CTRL + y can be used for this action

CTRL + F7

Carryout out the move command (workbook icon menu, menu bar)

Enter

Complete a cell entry

CTRL + 1

Display the style command

Delete

it is used to delete the character to the right of the insertion point, or delete the selection

CTRL + F8

Carryout the size command (workbook icon menu, menu bar)

CTRL + delete

Delete text to the end of the line

CTRL + F9

Minimize the workbook window to an icon

Tab

Complete a cell entry and move to the right in the selection

CTRL + F10

Maximize or restore the workbook window

Shift +tab

Complete a cell entry and move to the left in the selection

Ms power point shortcuts key and description

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

Shortcuts keys

Description of shortcuts keys

CTRL + A

Select all the content of the ms word page open

CTRL + T

it create a hanging indent of the line or text.

CTRL + B

Bold the highlighted selections.

CTRL + U

Underlining the highlighted text.

CTRL + C

Copy selected text

CTRL + V

Paste the selected text/word/line coped earlier.

CTRL + E

Aligns the line/selected text to the center

CTRL + X

Cut selected text

CTRL + F

Open find box

CTRL +Y

You can redo the last action performed.

CTRL + I

Italic highlighted selection

CTRL +Z

You can undo the last action

CTRL + J

Aligns the line/selected text for justifying

CTRL + N

Used to open new slide.

CTRL + K

Insert hyperlink

CTRL + F6

Used to open next window.

CTRL + L

Aligns the line/selected text to left of the screen

F5

It is used slide begin.

CTRL + M

Indent the paragraphs.

B

It used during slide show: black screen show/hide.

CTRL + A

It used for mouse pointer to arrow.

H

It

CTRL –P

It is used for mouse pointer to pen during slide show. It is used for print also.

CTRL – H

It is used during slide show to the pointer and button temporary.

CTRL + L

It is used to hide pointer and button

S

It is used to stop or restart automatic slide show.

CTRL + P

It opens the print dialog box.

T

It is used to set the timing during rehearsing.

CTRL + R                    

F7

It is used to check spelling and grammar.

CTRL + F6

It is used to switch to the next presentation slide.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations are also important for knowledge and competitive examination. Some important abbreviations are given below:

ABR

Area Boarder Router

ABR

Area Boarder Router

ADC

Analog-To- Digital Converter

ARC

Advanced Risk Computer

ADB

Apple Desktop Bus

ASF

Active Streaming Format

ADE

Automatic Design Engineering

ASP

Active Server Page

ADO

Active X Data Objects

ATP

At Attachment

ADSI

Active Directory Service Interfaces

ARPA

Advanced Research Agency Addressing

AGP

Accelerated Graphics Port

AVI

Audiovisual Interleaving

AIF

Application Integration Feature

ASG

Abstract Semantic Graph

AJAX

Asynchronous Java Script And XML

ASIC

Application Specific Integration Circuit

ALGOL

Algorithmic Language

ASP

Application Service Provider

ALU

Arithmetic And Logical Unit

ATA

Advanced Technology Attachment’

BAR

Base Address Register

BFD

Binary File Descriptor

BASIC

Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol

BBS

Bulletin Board System

BIN

Binary

BCD

Binary Coded Decimal

BMP

Bit Map

BCR

Bar Code Reader

BIOS

Basic Input Output System

BMP

Basic Multilingual Plane

BOF

Beginning Of File

BRAN

Broadband Radio Access Network

BOOTP

Bootstrap Protocol

CAL

Common Application Language

BPI

Bytes Per Inch

CAE

Common Application Environment.

BPS

Bits Per Second

CAD

Computer Aided Design

CAI

Computer Aided Instruction

CAL

Computer Aided Learning

CLR

Common Language Runtime

CAM

Computer Aided Manufacturing

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CAT

Computer Aided Translation

CNC

Computer Numerical Control

CAQ

Computer Aided Quality Assurance

COLBOL

Common Business Oriented Language

CC

C Compiler

COM

Component Object Module

CPN

Central Processing Node

COMAL

Common Aglarithmic ‘Language

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

CRT

Cathode Ray Tube

CDOT

Centre For D

CSI

Common System Interface

CDR

Compact Disc Recordable

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets

CDRom

Compact Disk Read Only Memory

CT

Computerized Tomography

CDRW

Compact Disk Rewritable

CTCP

Client-To-Client Protocol

CDR/W

Compact Disk Read/Write

CD

Compact Disk

COBOL

Common Business Oriented Language

CTS

Clear To Send

CGA

Colour Graphic  Array

CU

Central Unit

CGI

Common Gateway Interface

CUA

Control User Access

DAA

Date Access Arrangement

DIVX

Digital Video Access

DB

Database

DNS

Domain Name System

DBA

Database Administrator

DOS

Desk Operating System

DBMS

Database Management System

DPMI

Does Protected Mode Interface.

DCE

Data Communications Equipment

DRAM

Dynamic Ram

DDS

Digital Data Storage

DVD RW

DVD Re Writeable.

DDS

Distributed Data Server

DTP

Desktop Publishing

DIM

Device Interface Module

DVR

Digital Video Recorder

DHTML

Dynamic HTML

EIO

Electronic Id  Card

DLC

 Data Link Control

EASI

Embedded All-In-One System Interface

DTR

Date Terminal Ready

ERP

Error Recovery Procedure

DVD

Digital Versatile Disc

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EDD

Enhanced Disk Drive

EUC

End-User Computing

EFF

Electronic Frontier Foundation

FS

File System

EFI

Extensible Firmware Interface

FSB

Front Side Bus

EGA

Enhanced Graphics Array

FSF

Free Software Foundation

FCS

Frame Check Sequence

GDI

Graphical Device Interface

FDC

Floppy Disk Drive Controller

GIF

Graphics Interchange Format

FDD

Floppy Disk Drive

GPU

Graphics Processing Unit

GB

Gigabit

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

GB

Gigabyte

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

GDA

Global Document Annotation

HSTP

High-Speed Transport Protocol

HDA

Had Disk Assembly

IHV

Independent Hardware Vender

HDD

Hard Disk Drive

IFSMGR

Instable File System Manager

HDLC

High Level Data Link Control Procedures

IS

Information System

HHD

Hybrid Hard Drive

ISDN

Integrated Service Digital Network

HID

Human Interface Device

ISO

International Organization For Standardization

ICM

Image Colors Management

IVV

Independent Verification And Validation

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

IM

Instant Messaging

ICM

Image Compression Manager

I/O

Input/Output

IE

Internet Explorer

IP

Internet Protocol

IDT

Internet Development Toolbox

ISP

Internet Service Provider

IGRP

Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

IT

Information Technology

JAM

Java Administration Server

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

J2CE

Jarad Cryptographic Edition

 IP SEC

Internet Protocol

JDS

Java Desktop System

JCP

Java Community Process

JMX

Java Management Extension

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

KB

Kilobyte

JS

Javascript

KBPS

Kilobit Per Second

JFC

Java Foundation Classes

LA

Laboratory Automation

KBPS

Kilo Byte Per Second

LAN

Local Area Network Key Process Area

KPA

 

LBP

Laser Beam Printer

LBA

Logical Block Display

LPT

Line Printer

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

MAC

Media Across Control

LIFO

Last In First Out

MAN

Metropolitan Area Network

LU

Logical Unit

MAOS

Multi Application Operating System

MMX

Multi-Media Extension

MB

Megabit/ Megabyte

MNG

Multiple-Image-Network Graphics

MBR

Master Boot Record

MPEG

Motion Pictures (Coding) Experts Group

MIDP

Mobile Information Device Profiles

MMU

Memory Management Unit

MICR

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MMX

Multimedia Extension

MIDI

Music Instrument Digital Interface

MPM

Multi-Programming Monitor

MIMO

‘Multiple-Input Multiple Output’

MPU

Micro Processor Unit

MIPS

Million Instructions Per Second

MODEM

Modulator-Demodulator

NCS

Network Computer System

MUI

Multimedia Use Interface

NET PC

Network Personal Computer

MVS

Multiple Virtual Storage

NFS

Network File System

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

NIO

New I/O

NNTP

Network News Transfer Protocol

OAM

Operation And Maintenance

NPI

Network Provider Interface

OCR

Optical Character Reader

OMR

Optical Mark Reader

P2P

Peer-To-Peer

OLAP

On-Line Analytical Processing

PAN

Personal Area Network

PCP

Printer Control Protocol

PAP

Password Authentication Protocol

PCT

Private Communication Protocol

PC

Personal Computer

PDC

Primary Domain Computer

PIC

Peripheral Interface Controller

POP

Point Of Presence

PAIH

Public Access Internet Host

POP3

Post Office Protocol 3

QAM

Quadrature  Amplitude Modulation

PSM

Printing System Manager

QFA

Orrick File Access

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

QFP

Quoted For Permanence

PSN

Packet Switching Network

RAM

Random Access Memory

ROM

Read Only Memory

RARP

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

REFAL

Recursive Functions Algorithmic Language

RLN

Remote Lan Node

REG

Register

RWM

Read Write Memory

RTL

Register Transfer Language

SAN

Storage Area Network

SLIP

Serial Line Internet Protocol

SATA

Serial Ata

SMBIOS

System Management Bios

SBIN

Super User Binary

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SBP-2

Serial Bus Protocol-2

SNTP

Simple Network Time Protocol

SDK

Software Development Kit

SQL

Structure Query Language

SEO

Search Engine Optimization

SDRAM

Synchronous Dynamic Random Access

TB

Terabyte

TTF

True Type Font

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet  Protocol

TTS

Text-To-Speech

TDMA

Time Division Multiple Access

TTY

Teletype

UI

User Interface

URL

Uniform Resource Locater

VB

Visual Basic

USB

Uniform Serial Bus

VBA

Visual Basic For Application

VM

Virtual Memory

VBS

Visual Basic Script

VMS

Video Memory System

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

VPN

Virtual Private Network

VGA

Video Graphic Array

VSAM

Virtual Storage Access Method

VGCT

Video Graphics Character Table

VT

Video Terminal

WAN

Wide Area Network

WWW

World Wide Web

WAP

Wireless Application Protocol

WOL

Wake On Line

WINFS

Window Future Storage`

WSDL

Web Services Description Language

WMP

Windows Media Player

WGS

Work Group System

.ZIP

Compressed File

XUL

Xml User Interface Language

ZIP

Tone Information Protocol

YTD

It Is Used For Year To Date

ZSL

Zero Shot Lan

ZISC

Zone Construction Set Computer

 

Computer Terminologies

CCC Material Notes in Hindi and English
CCC Material Notes in Hindi and English

Access Time

Across time means the performance of a hard drive or other storage device how long it takes to locate a file.

Active Program or window

St means application or window running on the monitor.

Alert

A message that appears onscreen, usually to tell you Something went wrong.

Application

Application is another term for software program; basically A program you use on a computer like word, Turbo tax, Outlook, etc.

Background

Part of the multitasking capabilityL program can own and perform tasks in the background while another program is being used in the foreground.

Bandwidth

Bandwidth measurement the data transmission speed from one computer to another.

Bit

The smallest piece of information used by computer. It used to drive from “binary digit”.

BIOS

Basic input/output system. This term is used to refer to ROM BIOS chip inside the computer which manages the computer boot up process.

Backup

A copy of a document/file makes for documentatation purposes for future use.

Boot

To start up a computer.

Bootstrap Loader

Bootstrap loader is a program that manages a computer boot up process.

Bug

It is a programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way.

Bus

Bus is an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in a computer.

Burn

It is a process CD or DVD means to write data files to it using a special piece of hardware.

Clipboard

A portion of memory where the temporarily stores information, it is called a copy buffer because it is used to hold information for example if we cut any text for paste in MS word we find that the cut text temporarily stores in clipboard.

Command

The act of giving an instruction to your Mac either by menu choice or keystroke.

Compiler

A program the converts programming code into a form that can be used by a computer.

Control Panel

A program that allows you to change setting in a program or change the way a Mac looks and/or behaves.

CMOS

A type of computer chip which is able to operate with a very small amout odf electricity from a battery.

CPU

Central Processing Unit, the processor “brain” of the computer. The CPU is the place where all the computer calculations take place.

Cursor

A pointer, which is controlled by the mouse.

Database

It is an electronic list of information that can be sorted and/or searched.

Digitize

To convert linear/analog data into digital data this can be used by the computer

Disk Drive

The machinery that writes the data from a disk and/or writes data to a disk.

DSL

Digital subscriber Line is type of high speed data compression which runs over telephone lines.

Ethernet

It is a protocol for high-speed communication and file transfer across a network.

Expansion Slot

It is a connector inside the computer which allows one to plug in a printed circuit board to provide new or enhanced features.

Floppy

A 3.5, 5.25 and 8 inch square disk which holds data

Folder

An electronic subdirectory which contains files.

Hard-drive

Hard drives is a central storage space for your computer which defines as C/D/E drive.

Highlight

To select by clicking once on an icon/file/folder/text document. To highlighted word double click and for paragraph triple click is required.

Icon

It is graphic symbol used for file or folder.

Insertion Point

In word processing/presentation document, the blinking indication which indicates where you’re next typing will begin. You can insert any word on that point.

Installer

Installer is software used to install a program on your hard drive.

IP address

IP means Internet Protocol address are assigned to each and every computer on a TCP/IP network.

ISP

(Internet Service Provider)

Keyboard shortcuts

It is combination of keystrokes that performs some function.

Landscape

It is a printing from under page layout; it used to print sideways on the page

Menu

A list of program commands listed by topic.

Menu Bar

A horizontal bar across the top of the screen.

Mother Board

The green board inside of a computer that allows all of the internal computer components to interact, it routes data to and from all the ot her parts, of computer

NIC

Network Interface Card. This is a part of the computer that allows it to talk to other computers (aka, a network) via a network “protocol” or language like TCP/IP.

Optical Disk

A high-capacity storage medium that is read by a laser light

Operation System

It is system software that controls the computer. The operating systems are Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Linux, Unix, and Apple’s Mac OS X Leopard.

Peripherals

An add-on components to your computer like printers, mice, keyboards, scanners, monitor, etc.

Processor chip

This is the brain of the computer which does all the calculations and task processing for example “Intel” chip or the “Xeon” chip.

RAM

Random Access Memory. It is the memory that allows you to hold and run a program

Reset switch

It is a switch used to restarts the computer.

ROM

Read only Memory that can be accessed and read, but not written to.

Routine

A series of instructions written to complete a specific but limited computing task.

Scroll Bar

A bar at the bottom contains the scroll box and allows scrolling.

Server

A machine dedicated to sending and receiving data from other computers (on a network).

Software

Software is files that contain instructions for a computer.

TCP/ IP

Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol on which the internet run .

Title Bar

The horizontal bar at the top of a window which represent the name of file/folder.

Upload

It is used to send a file from one computer to another through a network.

Virtual Memory

Using part of your hard drive as through it were “RAM”.

More Study Material Notes in Hindi and English

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