# Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test Syllabus

## KERALA TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST(K-TET)

**KTET Syllabus Category I–Paper I(For Classes I to V)SYLLABUS I**

**Total 30 Questions 30 Marks**

** CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND PEDAGOGY 30 Questions Child Development and Learning **

**15 Questions**

- Methods of studying child behaviour – observation, case study, Interview, Psychological tests etc.
- Concept of development
- Principles of growth and development
- Influence of heredity and environment on human developmen

**Concept of Learning **

- Basic theories of learning : Conditioning (Pavlov, Skinner); Insight learning (Gestalt); cognitive learning (Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky)
- Relation between development and learning : learner readiness of maturation
- Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky : Constructs and critical perspectives
- Concept of child – centered and progressive education – Activity based method of Teaching and Learning, Problem Based Learning
- Critical perspectives of construct of intelligence (Theories of Spearman, Guilford, Thurstone and Gardner).
- Language and Thought (Basic perspectives of Piaget, Chomsky and Vygotsky).
- Gender as a social construct: Gender roles, gender bias and educational practice
- Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.,
- Distinction between – Assessment for learning and Assessment of learning – school based Assessment (Internal assessment)
- Continuous and comprehensive evaluation: Perspectives and practice
- Assessing learner achievement – grading
- Personality development – concept of personality and basic approaches to personality (Psychoanalytic and Trait) – Adjustment mechanisms

**Concepts of inclusive education and understanding children with special needs (5 Questions)**

- Concept of exceptional children.
- Concept of children with special needs (CWSN).
- Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived.
- Concept of learning disability (LD) – Addressing the needs of children with learning disabilities.
- Addressing the Talented, creative, specially abled children K-TET 2012 1/4 Syllabus – Category I.

**Learning and pedagogy (10 Questions) **

- How children think and learn: how and why children fail to achieve success in school performance
- Different factors influencing learning and achievement.
- Basic process of teaching and learning: Children’s strategies of learning – Learning as a social activity – social context of learning.
- Child as a problem solver and ‘scientific investigator’ (concept of the nature of child by Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky).
- Alternative concepts of Learning in children: Understanding children’s’ ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process (Self – corrective nature of the child).
- Cognition and Emotions – Emotion – Basic Emotions – characteristics of childhood emotionality. Emotional Development (Bridge’s)- cognition (Thinking, Reasoning, Problems solving and Investigation).
- Motivation and learning – How does motivation influence learning – Maslow’s theory of motivation.
- Factors contributing to learning – Personal and environmental.

**Note: **

(i) Emphasis should be given to questions related to classroom contexts.

(ii) Classroom context should be primary level.

**A. ENGLISH **

There will be 30 Questions in Language II for 30 marks, in which 15 marks will be for language

comprehensionand 15 marks forpedagogy. Each question will carry one mark. The language comprehension part questions, will be from an unfamiliar passage or poem to test reading comprehension, grammar and verbal ability.

** A. Language Comprehension**

**15 Questions**

i) Comprehension passage : The unfamiliar passages are intended to check factual, inferential, analytical and evaluative comprehension.ii) Grammar Language elements included in the Course books of standard I to V. Such as :

- Article
- Concord
- Interrogatives Yes / No Questions ‘wh’ – Questions
- Question tags
- Prepositions
- Tense and Time
- Determiners
- Phrasal verbs
- Gerunds
- Reflexive Pronouns
- Linkers
- Auxiliaries iii) Verbal ability
- Vocabulary
- Inflexions
- Affixes – Prefix – Suffix
- Antonyms, Synonyms
- Idioms and Phrases

**B. Pedagogy of language development **

**15 Questions**

**Questions will be based on the present Kerala Primary School Curriculum (English)**

` `

- Language Acquisition and Learning Learning vs acquisition – Major schools of thought .
- Principles of Language Learning Constructivism – Social Constructivism – Critical Pedagogy – Error Treatment – Cognitivism K-TET 2012 1/8 Syllabus – Category I
- Language and Thought Different views of Whorf, Piaget, Vygotsky and Chomsky – Relationship between language and thought.
- Objectives of Teaching English Relevance of English – Curricular Objectives.
- Language skills and communication skills Ways of improving language / communication skills – classroom activities – tools.
- ICT based aids in language teaching
- Modern Strategies Nurturing multiple intelligence Instruction to cater individual differences – Teaching learners with special needs.
- Evaluation continuous and comprehensive evaluation – assessment of skills and products.

**IV. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE**

*Content*

Family – Relationships, job and duties of family members

Water – Water sources, conservation of water, water pollution, prevention of water pollution

Agriculture – Different types of agriculture, tools of agriculture, agricultural product, herbal garden

Vehicles – Types of vehicles used

Soil – Different soils, soil pollution. Prevention of soil pollution, soil erosion

Earth – Ecosystem, environmental protection, impact of pollution on earth, remedial measures

Shelters – Types of shelters, characteristics of animal shelters

Diseases – Different types of diseases, causes, remedial measures, healthy habits

Food – Types of food – natural and artificial foods, their merits and demerits

Jobs – Types of jobs, different types of tools

Public – Institute Æ Services of people by public institute

Energy – Types of energy, conservation of energy

Animal world- Varieties of animals, movement, food habits, uses of animals

Plants – Variety of plants-uses-herbal garden, photosynthesis

First aid – Different types of first aid, need for first aid box

Solar system- Plants, stars, sky, water

Air – Importance of nature, air pollution, remediation

Light – Eye, protection of eye, sources of light. reflection of light, shadow.

**V. MATHEMATICS**

**30 MARKS**

The examination will be broadly based on topics prescribed for class 1 to 5 in the Kerala State Syllabus for Mathematics, but some problems may have links to extensions of these concepts to the secondary stage.

**10 MARKS**

**Numbers:**

: Place value, ordering, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of natural numbers, factors and multiples, prime numbers, practical problems.Natural Numbers

: Fraction of a measure such as metre, litre, gram. Fractional parts of objects. Equal fractions, Operations on fraction. Decimal representation of fractions related to metric units of length, volume, weight. Operations on decimals, practical problems.Fractions

: Perimeter of rectilinear figures (polygons), area of rectangles, patterns of geometrical figures, practical problems.Geometry

: Basic operations in solving problems involving, length, weight, capacity, time, money and practical problems.Measurements

** Pedagogy (20 MARKS)**

**Nature of Mathematics **

**Nature of Mathematics**

Abstraction, Understanding children’s thinking and reasoning. Language of Mathematics.

**Place of Mathematics in Curriculum**

**Place of Mathematics in Curriculum**

Aims and objectives of learning mathematics in primary classes -Values of mathematics learning Correlation with other subjects, Lower Primary and Upper Primary Mathematics, curriculum, syllabus

**Mathematics – Trends and Developments **

**Mathematics – Trends and Developments**

Historical development of mathematics great mathematicians and their contributions

**Approach to Mathematics Learning**

**Approach to Mathematics Learning**

Proper learning experiences keeping in mind the characteristics of children, their natural learning capacity and the learning process Theoretical base of learning mathematics

**Teaching of Mathematics – Strategies and Methods Teaching strategies**

**Teaching of Mathematics – Strategies and Methods Teaching strategies**

Concept attainment, process oriented teaching, projects, seminars, assignments, field trip.

Different teaching learning methods –Inductive and deductive method, analytic and synthetic method, project method, laboratory method.

** Learning Materials in Mathematics**

**Learning Materials in Mathematics**

Textbook and handbooks, information technology, mathematics club, mathematics laboratory, mathematics fair, mathematics library collecting mathematical puzzles, riddles.

**Mathematics Learning – Evaluation **

**Mathematics Learning – Evaluation**

Concept of continuous and comprehensive evaluation, evaluation activities, grading and recording the results diagnosis, remedial teaching and error analysis.

Kerala TET SYLLABUS OF

PAPER IIK-TET SYLLABUS OF

PAPER III

` `