Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage:
I. Syllabus for CTET Examination Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions
Child Development (Elementary School Child) 15 Questions
Concept of development and its relationship with learning
Principles of the development of children
Influence of Heredity & Environment
Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents,Peers) Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
Multi Dimensional Intelligence
Language & Thought
Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive
Evaluation: perspective and practice
Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs 5 Questions
Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners
Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions
How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
Cognition & Emotions
Motivation and learning
Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental
II. Language I. 30 Questions Language Comprehension 15 Questions
Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions
Learning and acquisition
Principles of language Teaching
Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom